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Public Health Implications Of Raising The Minimum Age Of Legal Access To Tobacco Products


Author : Institute of Medicine
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2015-06-30

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Download Public Health Implications Of Raising The Minimum Age Of Legal Access To Tobacco Products written by Institute of Medicine and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-06-30 with Medical categories.


Tobacco use by adolescents and young adults poses serious concerns. Nearly all adults who have ever smoked daily first tried a cigarette before 26 years of age. Current cigarette use among adults is highest among persons aged 21 to 25 years. The parts of the brain most responsible for cognitive and psychosocial maturity continue to develop and change through young adulthood, and adolescent brains are uniquely vulnerable to the effects of nicotine. At the request of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products considers the likely public health impact of raising the minimum age for purchasing tobacco products. The report reviews the existing literature on tobacco use patterns, developmental biology and psychology, health effects of tobacco use, and the current landscape regarding youth access laws, including minimum age laws and their enforcement. Based on this literature, the report makes conclusions about the likely effect of raising the minimum age to 19, 21, and 25 years on tobacco use initiation. The report also quantifies the accompanying public health outcomes based on findings from two tobacco use simulation models. According to the report, raising the minimum age of legal access to tobacco products, particularly to ages 21 and 25, will lead to substantial reductions in tobacco use, improve the health of Americans across the lifespan, and save lives. Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products will be a valuable reference for federal policy makers and state and local health departments and legislators.

Understanding The U S Illicit Tobacco Market


Author : Committee on the Illicit Tobacco Market: Collection and Analysis of the International Experience
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2015-04-30

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Tobacco use has declined because of measures such as high taxes on tobacco products and bans on advertising, but worldwide there are still more than one billion people who regularly use tobacco, including many who purchase products illicitly. By contrast to many other commodities, taxes comprise a substantial portion of the retail price of cigarettes in the United States and most other nations. Large tax differentials between jurisdictions increase incentives for participation in existing illicit tobacco markets. In the United States, the illicit tobacco market consists mostly of bootlegging from low-tax states to high-tax states and is less affected by large-scale smuggling or illegal production as in other countries. In the future, nonprice regulation of cigarettes - such as product design, formulation, and packaging - could in principle, contribute to the development of new types of illicit tobacco markets. Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market reviews the nature of illicit tobacco markets, evidence for policy effects, and variations among different countries with a focus on implications for the United States. This report estimates the portion of the total U.S. tobacco market represented by illicit sales has grown in recent years and is now between 8.5 percent and 21 percent. This represents between 1.24 to 2.91 billion packs of cigarettes annually and between $2.95 billion and $6.92 billion in lost gross state and local tax revenues. Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market describes the complex system associated with illicit tobacco use by exploring some of the key features of that market - the cigarette supply chain, illicit procurement schemes, the major actors in the illicit trade, and the characteristics of users of illicit tobacco. This report draws on domestic and international experiences with the illicit tobacco trade to identify a range of possible policy and enforcement interventions by the U.S. federal government and/or states and localities.

The Tobacco Dependence Treatment Handbook


Author : David B. Abrams
language : en
Publisher: Guilford Press
Release Date : 2003-02-12

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Download The Tobacco Dependence Treatment Handbook written by David B. Abrams and has been published by Guilford Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2003-02-12 with Psychology categories.


This unique clinical handbook offers the knowledge, skills, and materials needed to help all types of smokers, even the most hard-core, successfully quit. Provided are assessment tools, treatment planning guidelines, and a series of complete treatment packages, ranging from ultra-brief to more intensive options. Designed for use in a variety of settings by a wide range of providers, the volume is evidence-based and consistent with the latest national guidelines on best practice. The authors, leading scientist-practitioners, incorporate the latest pharmacotherapeutic approaches as well as proven motivational, cognitive, and behavioral techniques. Strategies are presented for tailoring treatment to individual smokers and for preventing relapse. Also included are session-by-session intervention guidelines, helpful case examples, and dozens of requisite handouts and forms, ready to photocopy and use. Key Features No other book presents the full range of empirically supported treatments. Practical: includes step-by-step guidelines, cases, reproducible patient forms. Consistent with best-practice recommendations issued by the Surgeon General, the American Psychiatric Association, and the British Thoracic Society. Describes approaches with and without pharmacotherapy. Photocopy Rights: The Publisher grants individual book purchasers nonassignable permission to reproduce selected materials in this book for professional use. For details and limitations, see copyright page.

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth And Young Adults


Author : United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General
language : en
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Release Date : 2012

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Download Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth And Young Adults written by United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General and has been published by U.S. Government Printing Office this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012 with Health & Fitness categories.


This Surgeon General's Report details the causes and the consequences of tobacco use among youth and young adults by focusing on the social, environmental, advertising, and marketing influences that encourage youth and young adults to initiate and sustain tobacco use. This is the first time tobacco data on young adults as a discrete population have been explored in detail. The report also highlights successful strategies to prevent young people from using tobacco.

A Systematic Review Of Key Issues In Public Health


Author : Stefania Boccia
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-13

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Download A Systematic Review Of Key Issues In Public Health written by Stefania Boccia and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-03-13 with Medical categories.


This wide-ranging study reviews the state of public health worldwide and presents informed recommendations for real-world solutions. Identifying the most urgent challenges in the field, from better understanding the causes of acute diseases and chronic conditions to reducing health inequities, it reports on cost-effective, science-based, ethically sound interventions. Chapters demonstrate bedrock skills essential to developing best practices, including flexible thinking for entrenched problems, conducting health impact assessments, and working with decision-makers. From these current findings come long-term practice and policy goals for preventing disease, promoting health, and improving quality of life, both locally and globally. A sampling of the topics covered: · Health trends of communicable diseases. · Epidemiology of cancer and principles of prevention. · Respiratory diseases and health disorders related to indoor and outdoor air pollution. · Public health gerontology and active aging. · Migrant and ethnic minority health. · Public health genomics. A Systematic Review of Key Issues in Public Health offers graduate students in the discipline a firm grasp on the field as it presently stands, and a clear set of directions for its potential future.

Tobacco Control Policy


Author : Joy De Beyer
language : en
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Release Date : 2003

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Download Tobacco Control Policy written by Joy De Beyer and has been published by World Bank Publications this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2003 with Medical categories.


Currently, there are over 1.2 billion tobacco users in the world, most in developing countries. Tobacco use causes diseases and premature death, and threatens both social and economic development. This book contains case studies which detail a collection of diverse economic, social and political situations from six countries (Brazil, Bangladesh, Canada, Poland, South Africa and Thailand) which are in different stages of the tobacco epidemic and which have achieved notable success in implementing policies designed to reduce tobacco use.

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease


Author : U. s. Department of Health and Human Services Staff
language : en
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Release Date : 2010

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Download How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease written by U. s. Department of Health and Human Services Staff and has been published by U.S. Government Printing Office this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010 with Health & Fitness categories.


This report considers the biological and behavioral mechanisms that may underlie the pathogenicity of tobacco smoke. Many Surgeon General's reports have considered research findings on mechanisms in assessing the biological plausibility of associations observed in epidemiologic studies. Mechanisms of disease are important because they may provide plausibility, which is one of the guideline criteria for assessing evidence on causation. This report specifically reviews the evidence on the potential mechanisms by which smoking causes diseases and considers whether a mechanism is likely to be operative in the production of human disease by tobacco smoke. This evidence is relevant to understanding how smoking causes disease, to identifying those who may be particularly susceptible, and to assessing the potential risks of tobacco products.