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Amheida I

Author : Roger S. Bagnall
language : en
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date : 2012-03-19

Download Amheida I written by Roger S. Bagnall and has been published by NYU Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-03-19 with History categories.

This volume presents 455 inscribed pottery fragments, or ostraka, found during NYU’s excavations at Amheida in the western desert of Egypt. The majority date to the Late Roman period (3rd to 4th century AD), a time of rapid social change in Egypt and the ancient Mediterranean generally. Amheida was a small administrative center, and the full publication of these brief texts illuminates the role of writing in the daily lives of its inhabitants. The subjects covered by the Amheida ostraka include the distribution of food, the administration of wells, the commercial lives of inhabitants, their education, and other aspects of life neglected in literary sources. The authors provide a full introduction to the technical aspects of terminology and chronology, while also situating this important evidence in its historical, social and regional context.

Amheida Ii

Author : Anna Lucille Boozer
language : en
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date : 2016-01-14

Download Amheida Ii written by Anna Lucille Boozer and has been published by NYU Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-01-14 with History categories.

This archaeological report provides a comprehensive study of the excavations carried out at Amheida House B2 in Egypt’s Dakhleh Oasis between 2005 and 2007, followed by three study seasons between 2008 and 2010. The excavations at Amheida in Egypt’s western desert, begun in 2001 under the aegis of Columbia University and sponsored by NYU since 2008, are investigating all aspects of social life and material culture at the administrative center of ancient Trimithis. The excavations so far have focused on three areas of this very large site: a centrally located upper-class fourth-century AD house with wall paintings, an adjoining school, and underlying remains of a Roman bath complex; a more modest house of the third century; and the temple hill, with remains of the Temple of Thoth built in the first century AD and of earlier structures. Architectural conservation has protected and partly restored two standing funerary monuments, a mud-brick pyramid and a tower tomb, both of the Roman period. This volume presents and discusses the architecture, artifacts and ecofacts recovered from B2 in a holistic manner, which has rarely before been attempted in a full report on the excavation of a Romano-Egyptian house. The primary aim of this volume is to combine an architectural and material-based study with an explicitly contextual and theoretical analysis. In so doing, it develops a methodology and presents a case study of how the rich material remains of Romano-Egyptian houses may be used to investigate the relationship between domestic remains and social identity.

An Oasis City

Author : Roger S. Bagnall
language : en
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date : 2016-02-01

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Scattered through the vast expanse of stone and sand that makes up Egypt’s Western Desert are several oases. These islands of green in the midst of the Sahara owe their existence to springs and wells drawing on ancient aquifers. In antiquity, as today, they supported agricultural communities, going back to Neolithic times but expanding greatly in the millennium from the Saite pharaohs to the Roman emperors. New technologies of irrigation and transportation made the oases integral parts of an imperial economy. Amheida, ancient Trimithis, was one of those oasis communities. Located in the western part of the Dakhla Oasis, it was an important regional center, reaching a peak in the Roman period before being abandoned. Over the past decade, excavations at this well-preserved site have revealed its urban layout and brought to light houses, streets, a bath, a school, and a church. The only standing brick pyramid of the Roman period in Egypt has been restored. Wall-paintings, temple reliefs, pottery, and texts all contribute to give a lively sense of its political, religious, economic, and cultural life. This book presents these aspects of the city’s existence and its close ties to the Nile valley, by way of long desert roads, in an accessible and richly illustrated fashion.

Amheida Iii

Author : Roger S. Bagnall
language : en
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date : 2017-01-01

Download Amheida Iii written by Roger S. Bagnall and has been published by NYU Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-01-01 with History categories.

This is the second volume of ostraka from the excavations Amheida (ancient Trimithis) in Egypt. It adds 491 items to the growing corpus of primary texts from the site. In addition to the catalog, the introductory sections make important contributions to understanding the role of textual practice in the life of a pre-modern small town. Issues addressed include tenancy, the administration of water, governance, the identification of individuals in the archaeological record, the management of estates, personal handwriting, and the uses of personal names. Additionally, the chapter "Ceramic Fabrics and Shapes” by Clementina Caputo breaks new ground in the treatment of these inscribed sherds as both written text and physical object. This volume will be of interest to specialists in Roman-period Egypt as well as to scholars of literacy and writing in the ancient world and elsewhere.

Grecs Et Romains En Gypte

Author : Pascale Ballet
language : fr
Publisher: Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire - IFAO
Release Date : 2012

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Avec l’arrivée des pouvoirs macédonien puis romain, la société de la vallée du Nil et sa culture matérielle connaissent de profondes mutations, bien que les traditions pharaoniques perdurent et continuent même de s’enrichir. L’Égypte est alors l’un des leviers essentiels de l’hellénisation et de la romanisation en Méditerranée orientale et ses confins, notamment grâce au verrou alexandrin. Depuis une vingtaine d’années, l’archéologie de l’Égypte gréco-romaine connaît un net redéploiement, qui permet une réflexion élargie à l’échelle de la Méditerranée. Le colloque organisé par la Société française d’archéologie classique en mars 2008 a souhaité rendre hommage à ce développement récent et fécond. Centrant le propos sur les « formes » spécifiques de la présence grecque et romaine dans la vallée du Nil, il a voulu diffuser ces nouvelles perspectives auprès des spécialistes du monde gréco-romain. La trame de cette rencontre s’organise en trois sections : de nouveaux modes d’appropriation des territoires, en particulier ceux des fronts de mer et des marges ; le cadre spatial, des espaces de la vie à ceux de la mort ; les objets, au sens large, de la statuaire au mobilier. On suivra tout particulièrement la manière dont les « modèles » des mondes grec et romain ont été adoptés et adaptés, livrant souvent des formules spécifiques au terrain égyptien.

Archaeology And Memory

Author : Dušan Borić
language : en
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
Release Date : 2010

Download Archaeology And Memory written by Dušan Borić and has been published by Oxbow Books Limited this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010 with Social Science categories.

Memory can be both a horrifying trauma and an empowering resource. From the Ancient Greeks to Nietzsche and Derrida, the dilemma about the relationship between history and memory has filled many pages, with one important question singled out: is the writing of history to memory a remedy or a poison? Recently, a growing interest in and preoccupation with the issue of memory, remembering and forgetting has resulted in a proliferation of published works, in various disciplines, that have memory as their focus. This trend, to which the present volume contributes, has started to occupy the dominant discourses of disciplines such as sociology, philosophy, history, anthropology and archaeology, and has also disseminated into the wider public discourse of society and culture today. Such a condition may perhaps echo the phenomenon of a melancholic experience at the turn of the millennium. Archaeology and Memory seeks to examine the diversity of mnemonic systems and their significance in different past contexts as well as the epistemological and ontological importance of archaeological practice and narratives in constituting the human historical condition. The twelve substantial contributions in this volume cover a diverse set of regional examples and focus on a range of prehistoric and classical case studies in Eurasian regional contexts as well as on the predicaments of memory in examples of the archaeologies of `contemporary past'. From the Mesolithic and Neolithic burial chambers to the trenches of World War I and the role of materiality in international criminal courts, a number of contributors examine how people in the past have thought about their own pasts, while others reflect on our own present-day sensibilities in dealing with the material testimonies of recent history. Both kinds of papers offer wider theoretical reflections on materiality, archaeological methodologies and the ethical responsibilities of archaeological narration about the past.

Egypt From Alexander To The Copts

Author : Roger S. Bagnall
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2017-02-26

Download Egypt From Alexander To The Copts written by Roger S. Bagnall and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-02-26 with History categories.

After its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 bc, Egypt was ruled for the next 300 years by the Ptolemaic dynasty founded by Ptolemy I, one of Alexander's generals. With the defeat of Cleopatra VII in 30 bc, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, and later of the Byzantine Empire. For a millennium it was one of the wealthiest, most populous and important lands of the multicultural Mediterranean civilization under Greek and Roman rule. The thousand years from Alexander to the Arab conquest in ad 641 are rich in archaeological interest and well documented by 50,000 papyri in Greek, Egyptian, Latin, and other languages. But travelers and others interested in the remains of this period are ill-served by most guides to Egypt, which concentrate on the pharaonic buildings. This book redresses the balance, with clear and concise descriptions related to documents and historical background that enable us to appreciate the fascinating cities, temples, tombs, villages, churches, and monasteries of the Hellenistic, Roman, and Late Antique periods. Written by a dozen leading specialists and reflecting the latest discoveries and research, it provides an expert visitor's guide to the principal cities, many off the well-worn tourist paths. It also offers a vivid picture of Egyptian society at differing economic and social levels.