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How Rivalries End


Author : Karen Rasler
language : en
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Release Date : 2013-03-22

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Download How Rivalries End written by Karen Rasler and has been published by University of Pennsylvania Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-03-22 with Political Science categories.


Rivalry between nations has a long and sometimes bloody history. Not all political opposition culminates in war—the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union is one example—but in most cases competition between nations and peoples for resources and strategic advantage does lead to violence: nearly 80 percent of the wars fought since 1816 were sparked by contention between rival nations. Long-term discord is a global concern, since competing states may drag allies into their conflict or threaten to use weapons of mass destruction. How Rivalries End is a study of how such rivalries take root and flourish and particularly how some dissipate over time without recourse to war. Political scientists Karen Rasler, William R. Thompson, and Sumit Ganguly examine ten political hot spots, stretching from Egypt and Israel to the two Koreas, where crises and military confrontations have occurred over the last seven decades. Through exacting analysis of thirty-two attempts to deescalate strategic rivalries, they reveal a pattern in successful conflict resolutions: shocks that overcome foreign policy inertia; changes in perceptions of the adversary's competitiveness or threat; positive responses to conciliatory signals; and continuing effort to avoid conflict after hostilities cease. How Rivalries End significantly contributes to our understanding why protracted conflicts sometimes deescalate and even terminate without resort to war.

Comparative Theology And The Problem Of Religious Rivalry


Author : Hugh Nicholson
language : en
Publisher: OUP USA
Release Date : 2011-04-08

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Download Comparative Theology And The Problem Of Religious Rivalry written by Hugh Nicholson and has been published by OUP USA this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-04-08 with Philosophy categories.


A model of interreligious theology that seeks to reconcile the ideal of religious tolerance with an acknowledgement of the extent to which religious communities construct identity on the basis of religious differences.

War And Peace In International Rivalry


Author : Paul F. Diehl
language : en
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Release Date : 2001-10-01

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Download War And Peace In International Rivalry written by Paul F. Diehl and has been published by University of Michigan Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2001-10-01 with Political Science categories.


How do enduring rivalries between states affect international relations?

Prize Fight


Author : Morton Meyers, M.D.
language : en
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Trade
Release Date : 2013-11-19

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Download Prize Fight written by Morton Meyers, M.D. and has been published by Palgrave Macmillan Trade this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-11-19 with Science categories.


In the highly praised Prize Fight, acclaimed author Morton Meyers pulls back the curtain to reveal the hidden side of scientific discovery, from the international scandal over who discovered the AIDS virus to the fiery dispute that raged for 30 years over the development of the MRI, and many other discoveries that profoundly impact our lives. Exploring cases closely guarded by the scientific community, from allegations of stolen authorship to lifelong struggles to gain recognition, Meyers shows us how too often brilliant minds are reduced to bitter conflicts and promising careers are cut short by disputes over authorship or fudged data. He also discusses ways in which the scientific community can better resolve conflicts over the attribution of credit and avoid the paralyzing disputes that too often interrupt the pursuit of scientific progress.Drawing on extensive research and a lifetime in the scientific community, Prize Fight is a dramatic look at how scientific integrity is often imperiled through the lens of some of the most notable discoveries in science.

Crimea Global Rivalry And The Vengeance Of History


Author : Hall Gardner
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2016-04-30

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Download Crimea Global Rivalry And The Vengeance Of History written by Hall Gardner and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-04-30 with Political Science categories.


Gardner examines the causes and consequences of Russia's annexation of Crimea. By analyzing alliance formations and the consequences of other annexations in world history, the book urges an alternative US-NATO-European-Japanese strategy toward both Russia and China in the effort to prevent a renewed arms race, if not global war.

Rivalry And Alliance Politics In Cold War Latin America


Author : Christopher Darnton
language : en
Publisher: JHU Press
Release Date : 2014-05-21

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Download Rivalry And Alliance Politics In Cold War Latin America written by Christopher Darnton and has been published by JHU Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-05-21 with History categories.


Rivalry and Alliance Politics in Cold War Latin America, Christopher Darnton’s comparative study of the nature of conflict between Latin American states during the Cold War, provides a counterintuitive and shrewd explanation of why diplomacy does or doesn’t work. Specifically, he develops a theory that shows how the "parochial interests" of state bureaucracies can overwhelm national leaders’ foreign policy initiatives and complicate regional alliances. His thorough evaluation of several twentieth-century Latin American conflicts covers the gamut of diplomatic disputes from border clashes to economic provocations to regional power struggles. Darnton examines the domestic political and economic conditions that contribute either to rivalry (continued conflict) or rapprochement (diplomatic reconciliation) while assessing the impact of U.S. foreign policy. Detailed case studies provide not only a robust test of the theory but also a fascinating tour of Latin American history and Cold War politics, including a multilayered examination of Argentine-Brazilian strategic competition and presidential summits over four decades; three rivalries in Central America following Cuba’s 1959 revolution; and how the 1980s debt crisis entangled the diplomatic affairs of several Andean countries. These questions about international rivalry and rapprochement are of particular interest to security studies and international relations scholars, as they seek to understand what defuses regional conflicts, creates stronger incentives for improving diplomatic ties between states, and builds effective alliances. The analysis also bears fruit for contemporary studies of counterterrorism in its critique of parallels between the Cold War and the Global War on Terror, its examination of failed rapprochement efforts between Algeria and Morocco, and its assessment of obstacles to U.S. coalition-building efforts.

Interservice Rivalry And Airpower In The Vietnam War


Author : Ian Horwood
language : en
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2010-01

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Explores the rivalry between the armed services of the U.S. relating to the employment of tactical airpower during the Vietnam War. Not being an American, Horwood is able to put a fresh perspective on this complex issue. This study focuses on tactical airpower in S. Vietnam between 1961 and 1968. Horwood avoids a lengthy discussion of the air war over N. Vietnam, focusing instead on the combat operations in the South. He examines a number of issues which are relevant to the use of airpower in irregular warfare: command and control of airpower, the use of airpower at the tactical and the operational-strategic level of war, the role of helicopters, and different service understandings of the proper role of airpower in a counterinsurgency.