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Successful Response Starts With A Map


Author : Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2006-12-19

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Download Successful Response Starts With A Map written by Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2006-12-19 with Nature categories.


In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself. Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management, and recommends ways to increase and improve their use. This book explores emergency planning and response; how geospatial data and tools are currently being used in this field; the current policies that govern their use; various issues related to data accessibility and security; training; and funding. Successful Response Starts with a Map recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and the tools themselves.

Geographic Information Systems Gis For Disaster Management


Author : Brian Tomaszewski
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-12-19

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Download Geographic Information Systems Gis For Disaster Management written by Brian Tomaszewski and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-12-19 with Social Science categories.


Geographic Information Systems (GIS) provide essential disaster management decision support and analytical capabilities. As such, homeland security professionals would greatly benefit from an interdisciplinary understanding of GIS and how GIS relates to disaster management, policy, and practice. Assuming no prior knowledge in GIS and/or disaster management, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management guides readers through the basics of GIS as it applies to disaster management practice. Using a hands-on approach grounded in relevant GIS and disaster management theory and practice, this textbook provides coverage of the basics of GIS. It examines what GIS can and can’t do, GIS data formats (vector, raster, imagery), and basic GIS functions, including analysis, map production/cartography, and data modeling. It presents a series of real-life case studies that illustrate the GIS concepts discussed in each chapter. These case studies supply readers with an understanding of the applicability of GIS to the full disaster management cycle. Providing equal treatment to each disaster management cycle phase, the book supplies disaster management practitioners and students with coverage of the latest developments in GIS for disaster management and emerging trends. It takes a learning-by-examples approach to help readers apply what they have learned from the examples and disaster management scenarios to their specific situations. The book illustrates how GIS technology can help disaster management professionals, public policy makers, and decision-makers at the town, county, state, federal, and international levels. Offering software-neutral best practices, this book is suitable for use in undergraduate- or graduate-level disaster management courses. Offering extensive career advice on GIS for disaster management from working professionals, the book also includes a GIS for disaster management research agenda and ideas for staying current in the field.

Geographic Information Systems Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications


Author : Management Association, Information Resources
language : en
Publisher: IGI Global
Release Date : 2012-09-30

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Download Geographic Information Systems Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications written by Management Association, Information Resources and has been published by IGI Global this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-09-30 with Technology & Engineering categories.


Developments in technologies have evolved in a much wider use of technology throughout science, government, and business; resulting in the expansion of geographic information systems. GIS is the academic study and practice of presenting geographical data through a system designed to capture, store, analyze, and manage geographic information. Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a collection of knowledge on the latest advancements and research of geographic information systems. This book aims to be useful for academics and practitioners involved in geographical data.

The Map Reader


Author : Martin Dodge
language : en
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-05-09

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Download The Map Reader written by Martin Dodge and has been published by John Wiley & Sons this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-05-09 with Technology & Engineering categories.


WINNER OF THE CANTEMIR PRIZE 2012 awarded by the Berendel Foundation The Map Reader brings together, for the first time, classic and hard-to-find articles on mapping. This book provides a wide-ranging and coherent edited compendium of key scholarly writing about the changing nature of cartography over the last half century. The editorial selection of fifty-four theoretical and thought provoking texts demonstrates how cartography works as a powerful representational form and explores how different mapping practices have been conceptualised in particular scholarly contexts. Themes covered include paradigms, politics, people, aesthetics and technology. Original interpretative essays set the literature into intellectual context within these themes. Excerpts are drawn from leading scholars and researchers in a range of cognate fields including: Cartography, Geography, Anthropology, Architecture, Engineering, Computer Science and Graphic Design. The Map Reader provides a new unique single source reference to the essential literature in the cartographic field: more than fifty specially edited excerpts from key, classic articles and monographs critical introductions by experienced experts in the field focused coverage of key mapping practices, techniques and ideas a valuable resource suited to a broad spectrum of researchers and students working in cartography and GIScience, geography, the social sciences, media studies, and visual arts full page colour illustrations of significant maps as provocative visual ‘think-pieces’ fully indexed, clearly structured and accessible ways into a fast changing field of cartographic research Co-edited by Martin Dodge and Chris Perkins, Senior Lecturers in Human Geography in the School of Environment and Development, the University of Manchester; and Rob Kitchin, Professor of Geography, National University of Ireland, Maynooth.

Geospatial Information And Geographic Information Systems Gis


Author : Peter Folger
language : en
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2010-11

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Download Geospatial Information And Geographic Information Systems Gis written by Peter Folger and has been published by DIANE Publishing this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-11 with categories.


Discusses geospatial info. (GI), which is data referenced to a place -- a set of geographic coordinates -- which can be gathered, manipulated, and displayed in real time. A Geographic Info. System is a computer system capable of capturing, storing, analyzing, and displaying geographically referenced info. In 1990 the Fed. Geographic Data Comm. (FGDC) was estab. to promote the use, sharing, and dissemination of GI. There are questions about FGDC fulfilling its mission. Has this organizational structure worked? Can the fed. gov¿t. account for the costs of acquiring, coordinating, and managing GI? How well is the fed. gov¿t. coordinating with the state and local entities that have an increasing stake in GI? What is the role of the private sector?

Geoforensics


Author : Alastair Ruffell
language : en
Publisher: Wiley
Release Date : 2008-10-21

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Download Geoforensics written by Alastair Ruffell and has been published by Wiley this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-10-21 with Law categories.


This book is a comprehensive introduction to the application of geoscience to criminal investigations. Clearly structured throughout, the text follows a path from the large-scale application of remote sensing, landforms and geophysics in the first half to the increasingly small-scale examination of rock and soils to trace amounts of material. The two scales of investigation are linked by geoscience applications to forensics that can be applied at a range of dimensions. These include the use of topographic mapping, x-ray imaging, geophysics and remote sensing in assessing whether sediment, rocks or concrete may have hidden or buried materials inside for example, drugs, weapons, bodies. This book describes the wider application of many different geoscience-based methods in assisting law enforcers with investigations such as international and national crimes of genocide and pollution, terrorism and domestic crime as well as accident investigation. The text makes a clear link to the increasingly important aspects of the spatial distribution of geoscience materials (be it soil sampling or the distribution of mud-spatter on clothing), Geographic Information Science and geostatistics. A comprehensive introduction to the application of geoscience to criminal investigation Examples taken from an environmental and humanitarian perspective in addition to the terrorist and domestic criminal cases more regularly discussed A chapter on the use of GIS in criminalistics and information on unusual applications and methods - for example underwater scene mapping and extraterrestrial applications Material on how geoscience methods and applications are used at a crime scene Accompanying website including key images and references to further material An invaluable text for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking general forensic science degrees or geoscience courses "The whole book is peppered with useful and appropriate examples from the authors' wide experiences and also from the wider literature... an essential purchase for any forensic science department as well as for any law enforcement organisation." Lorna Dawson, Macaulay Institute

Tools And Methods For Estimating Populations At Risk From Natural Disasters And Complex Humanitarian Crises


Author : Committee on the Effective Use of Data, Methodologies, and Technologies to Estimate Subnational Populations at Risk
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2007-05-30

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Download Tools And Methods For Estimating Populations At Risk From Natural Disasters And Complex Humanitarian Crises written by Committee on the Effective Use of Data, Methodologies, and Technologies to Estimate Subnational Populations at Risk and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-05-30 with Social Science categories.


Worldwide, millions of people are displaced annually because of natural or industrial disasters or social upheaval. Reliable data on the numbers, characteristics, and locations of these populations can bolster humanitarian relief efforts and recovery programs. Using sound methods for estimating population numbers and characteristics is important for both industrialized and developing nations. Ensuring that the data are geographically referenced for projection onto maps is essential. However, good data alone are insufficient. Adequate staff training and strong organizational and political desire to maintain and use the information are also required. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises, reviews the main methods and tools for making estimates of subnational populations and makes several recommendations to improve the collection and the use of population data for emergency response and development.