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Women Fire And Dangerous Things


Author : George Lakoff
language : en
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 2008-08-08

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Download Women Fire And Dangerous Things written by George Lakoff and has been published by University of Chicago Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-08-08 with Language Arts & Disciplines categories.


"Its publication should be a major event for cognitive linguistics and should pose a major challenge for cognitive science. In addition, it should have repercussions in a variety of disciplines, ranging from anthropology and psychology to epistemology and the philosophy of science. . . . Lakoff asks: What do categories of language and thought reveal about the human mind? Offering both general theory and minute details, Lakoff shows that categories reveal a great deal."—David E. Leary, American Scientist

Women Fire And Dangerous Things


Author : George Lakoff
language : en
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 1987

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Download Women Fire And Dangerous Things written by George Lakoff and has been published by University of Chicago Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1987 with Language Arts & Disciplines categories.


"Its publication should be a major event for cognitive linguistics and should pose a major challenge for cognitive science. In addition, it should have repercussions in a variety of disciplines, ranging from anthropology and psychology to epistemology and the philosophy of science. . . . Lakoff asks: What do categories of language and thought reveal about the human mind? Offering both general theory and minute details, Lakoff shows that categories reveal a great deal."—David E. Leary, American Scientist

Women Fire And Dangerous Things


Author : George Lakoff
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1987

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Metaphors We Live By


Author : George Lakoff
language : en
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 2008-12-19

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The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.

Philosophy In The Flesh


Author : George Lakoff
language : en
Publisher: Basic Books
Release Date : 1999-10-08

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What are human beings like? How is knowledge possible? What is truth? Where do moral values come from? Questions like these have stood at the center of Western philosophy for centuries. In addressing them, philosophers have made certain fundamental assumptions-that we can know our own minds by introspection, that most of our thinking about the world is literal, and that reason is disembodied and universal-that are now called into question by well-established results of cognitive science. It has been shown empirically that:Most thought is unconscious. We have no direct conscious access to the mechanisms of thought and language. Our ideas go by too quickly and at too deep a level for us to observe them in any simple way.Abstract concepts are mostly metaphorical. Much of the subject matter of philosopy, such as the nature of time, morality, causation, the mind, and the self, relies heavily on basic metaphors derived from bodily experience. What is literal in our reasoning about such concepts is minimal and conceptually impoverished. All the richness comes from metaphor. For instance, we have two mutually incompatible metaphors for time, both of which represent it as movement through space: in one it is a flow past us and in the other a spatial dimension we move along.Mind is embodied. Thought requires a body-not in the trivial sense that you need a physical brain to think with, but in the profound sense that the very structure of our thoughts comes from the nature of the body. Nearly all of our unconscious metaphors are based on common bodily experiences.Most of the central themes of the Western philosophical tradition are called into question by these findings. The Cartesian person, with a mind wholly separate from the body, does not exist. The Kantian person, capable of moral action according to the dictates of a universal reason, does not exist. The phenomenological person, capable of knowing his or her mind entirely through introspection alone, does not exist. The utilitarian person, the Chomskian person, the poststructuralist person, the computational person, and the person defined by analytic philosopy all do not exist.Then what does?Lakoff and Johnson show that a philosopy responsible to the science of mind offers radically new and detailed understandings of what a person is. After first describing the philosophical stance that must follow from taking cognitive science seriously, they re-examine the basic concepts of the mind, time, causation, morality, and the self: then they rethink a host of philosophical traditions, from the classical Greeks through Kantian morality through modern analytic philosopy. They reveal the metaphorical structure underlying each mode of thought and show how the metaphysics of each theory flows from its metaphors. Finally, they take on two major issues of twentieth-century philosopy: how we conceive rationality, and how we conceive language.

More Than Cool Reason


Author : George Lakoff
language : en
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 2009-07-27

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"The authors restore metaphor to our lives by showing us that it's never gone away. We've merely been taught to talk as if it had: as though weather maps were more 'real' than the breath of autumn; as though, for that matter, Reason was really 'cool.' What we're saying whenever we say is a theme this book illumines for anyone attentive." — Hugh Kenner, Johns Hopkins University "In this bold and powerful book, Lakoff and Turner continue their use of metaphor to show how our minds get hold of the world. They have achieved nothing less than a postmodern Understanding Poetry, a new way of reading and teaching that makes poetry again important." — Norman Holland, University of Florida

Eine Kritische Auseinandersetzung Mit George Lakoffs Women Fire And Dangerous Things


Author : Moritz Deutschmann
language : de
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release Date : 2006-11-06

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts / Gegenwart, Note: 1,0, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Institut für Philosophie), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar: Embodied Cognition, 4 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das Verhältnis zwischen Körper und Geist gehört zu den klassischen Themen der Philosophie und ist in den letzten Jahren vor allem durch die Entwicklungen in den Naturwissenschaften und in der Informatik in den Mittelpunkt der philosophischen Diskussion gerückt. Die Forschungsergebnisse der Neurobiologie legten dabei oft eine reduktionistische Sichtweise nahe, in der Denkprozesse als unmittelbare Ergebnisse biologischer Vorgänge erschienen. Die rasante Entwicklung der Rechenkapazität von Computern hat in der KI-Forschung zu der Frage geführt, bis zu welchem Grad kognitive Leistungen des Menschen von Computern nachgeahmt werden können. Die philosophische Position, die mit dem noch sehr vagen Oberbegriff "embodied cognition" beschrieben wird, greift diese Tendenzen teilweise auf, setzt sich aber gleichzeitig deutlich von ihnen ab: So gehen die Vertreter der "embodied cognition" von einer Einbettung des Denkens in körperliche Vorgänge aus, aber sie wollen das Denken nicht reduktionistisch auf Naturvorgänge zurückführen. Vielmehr soll gerade in der Verbindung von Geist und Körper der zentrale Unterschied zwischen menschlichem Denken und dem Rechnen von Computern bestehen. Der Körper ist dabei nicht mehr das zu überwindende Erkenntnishindernis, sondern er macht Arten von Erfahrung möglich, die Computern und anderen körperlosen Wesen unzugänglich sind. "Embodied cognition" wendet sich auch gegen die in der Kognitionswissenschaft bis in die 80er Jahre verbreitete, dann aber immer heftiger kritisierte Auffassung, Denken sei eine Art von Informationsverarbeitung, die in Analogie zur Manipulation von abstrakten Symbolen verstanden werden könne. George Lakoff hat seit den 80er Jahren immer wieder die Bedeutung des Körpers für das Denken hervorgehoben. In seinem wohl bekanntesten Buch "Women, Fire and Dangerous Things" argumentiert er vor allem aus linguistischer Perspektive für eine Bedeutungstheorie, die den Körper berücksichtigt. Lakoff will letztlich zeigen, dass die Strukturen, die der Sprache Bedeutung verleihen, nicht von unserer körperlichen Verfasstheit zu trennen sind. Lakoffs Thesen und die von verschiedenen Seiten vorgebrachte Kritik sollen in dieser Hausarbeit erörtert werden. Dabei soll besonders deutlich werden, wie sich in der Auseinandersetzung zwischen Lakoff und seinen Kritikern Grundpositionen der Bedeutungstheorie widerspiegeln.