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The Neural Underpinnings Of Vicarious Experience


Author :
language : en
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
Release Date : 2014-08-27

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Everyday we vicariously experience a range of states that we observe in other people: we may “feel” embarrassed when witnessing another making a social faux pas, or we may feel sadness when we see a loved one upset. In some cases this process appears to be implicit. For instance, observing pain in others may activate pain-related neural processes but without generating an overt feeling of pain. In other cases, people report a more literal, conscious sharing of affective or somatic states and this has sometimes been described as representing an extreme form of empathy. By contrast, there appear to be some people who are limited in their ability to vicariously experience the states of others. This may be the case in several psychiatric, neurodevelopmental, and personality disorders where deficits in interpersonal understanding are observed, such as schizophrenia, autism, and psychopathy. In recent decades, neuroscientists have paid significant attention to the understanding of the “social brain,” and the way in which neural processes govern our understanding of other people. In this Research Topic, we wish to contribute towards this understanding and ask for the submission of manuscripts focusing broadly on the neural underpinnings of vicarious experience. This may include theoretical discussion, case studies, and empirical investigation using behavioural techniques, electrophysiology, brain stimulation, and neuroimaging in both healthy and clinical populations. Of specific interest will be the neural correlates of individual differences in traits such as empathy, how we distinguish between ourselves and other people, and the sensorimotor resonant mechanisms that may allow us to put ourselves in another’s shoes.

Misconceptions In Science Education


Author : Ilana Ronen
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date : 2018-07-27

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Download Misconceptions In Science Education written by Ilana Ronen and has been published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-07-27 with Education categories.


How do we make sense of our world? How does giving an immediate, intuitive response impact its quality, what are its features, and how is this related to misconceptions? Who is afraid of misconceptions? Despite cognitive ability and information being accessible like never before, learners often provide incorrect, intuition-based responses to science and mathematics questions. Based on comprehensive research, combining quantitative and qualitative methodologies, this book suggests a paradigm shift into an “empathic space” in which students, elementary and middle school, pre-service teachers and researchers can utilize misconceptions as a learning tool. The book follows the cathartic “Aha!” moment, in which the learner understands the source of his incorrect response, as the researcher re-discovers the chief role of the facilitator teacher within the process of creating knowledge is based upon empathic human interaction.

Mothers And Others


Author : Sarah Blaffer Hrdy
language : en
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date : 2011-04-15

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Download Mothers And Others written by Sarah Blaffer Hrdy and has been published by Harvard University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-04-15 with Social Science categories.


Mothers and Others finds the key in the primatologically unique length of human childhood. Renowned anthropologist Sarah Hrdy argues that if human babies were to survive in a world of scarce resources, they would need to be cared for, not only by their mothers but also by siblings, aunts, fathers, friends—and, with any luck, grandmothers. Out of this complicated and contingent form of childrearing, Hrdy argues, came the human capacity for understanding others. In essence, mothers and others teach us who will care, and who will not.

The Student S Guide To Social Neuroscience


Author : Jamie Ward
language : en
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date : 2013-12-19

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Download The Student S Guide To Social Neuroscience written by Jamie Ward and has been published by Psychology Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-12-19 with Psychology categories.


Shortlisted for the British Psychological Society Book Award 2013! Social neuroscience is an expanding field which, by investigating the neural mechanisms that inform our behavior, explains our ability to recognize, understand, and interact with others. Concepts such as trust, revenge, empathy, prejudice, and love are now being explored and unraveled by the methods of neuroscience. Many researchers believe that evolutionary expansion of the primate and human brain was driven by the need to deal with social complexity, not only to understand and outwit our peers, but to take advantage of the benefits of cooperative living. But what kind of brain-based mechanisms did we end up with? Special routines for dealing with social problems, or more general solutions that can be used for non-social cognition too? How are we able to sacrifice our own self-interests to respond to the needs of others? How do cultural differences in the organization of society shape individual minds (and brains), and does the brain provide constraints on the possible range of cultural permutations? The Student’s Guide to Social Neuroscience explores and explains these big issues, using accessible examples from contemporary research. The first book of its kind, this engaging and cutting-edge text is an ideal introduction to the methods and concepts of social neuroscience for undergraduate and postgraduate students in fields such as psychology and neuroscience. Each chapter is richly illustrated in attractive full-color with figures, boxes, and ‘real-world’ implications of research. Several pedagogical features help students engage with the material, including essay questions, summary and key points, and further reading. This book is accompanied by substantial online resources that are available to qualifying adopters.

Integral Ecology


Author : Gerard Magill
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date : 2018-06-11

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Download Integral Ecology written by Gerard Magill and has been published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-06-11 with Science categories.


This edited book is a collection of essays presented at the 2nd annual Integrity of Creation Conference at Duquesne University, USA, and thus represents the 2nd Conference Proceedings of an annual endowed series. The title of this conference was “Protecting Our Common Home,” adopted in the title of this volume. The concept of Integral Ecology conveys the indispensable inter-relation of topics, expertise, and specialties in the quest to protect the planet whose environment may face catastrophic threat. A leitmotif throughout the book is the ecological encyclical of Pope Francis called Laudato Si’: On Care for our Common Home, published in 2015. Indeed, the title of the volume refers to the phrase “integral ecology” and the challenge to “protect our common home” in the encyclical. Although the inspiration for the title comes from a religious leader, the analysis engages both secular and religious perspectives on crucial issues that threaten the ecology of our planet. The sections of the book are divided into the context of the problem, environmental science, social science, religion and ethics, and advocacy.

Teaching Your Child With Love And Skill


Author : Joyce Show
language : en
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release Date : 2012

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Download Teaching Your Child With Love And Skill written by Joyce Show and has been published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012 with Psychology categories.


This book shows parents how to nurture the learning and development of their child with autism by adapting different educational strategies. Parents will learn how to motivate play, encourage communication, stimulate cognitive development, and teach important everyday life skills, while growing in a loving relationship with their child.

Empathy In The Context Of Philosophy


Author : L. Agosta
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2010-04-29

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Download Empathy In The Context Of Philosophy written by L. Agosta and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-04-29 with Philosophy categories.


Integrating continental and Anglo-American traditions, the author exposes empathy as the foundation of the being-with-one-another of human beings. The interpretation of empathy is applied to story telling, literature, and self psychology, rescuing empathy from the margins and revealing its role in the understanding of the other and human community.