Ethics And Existence


Ethics And Existence
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Ethics And Existence


Ethics And Existence
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Author : Jeff McMahan
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2022

Ethics And Existence written by Jeff McMahan and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2022 with Philosophy categories.


Derek Parfit, who died in 2017, is widely believed to have been the best moral philosopher in well over a century. The twenty new essays in this book were written in his honour and have all been inspired by his work--in particular, his work in an area of moral philosophy known as 'population ethics', which is concerned with moral issues raised by causing people to exist. Until Parfit began writing about these issues in the 1970s, there was almost no discussion of them in the entire history of philosophy. But his monumental book Reasons and Persons (OUP, 1984) revealed that population ethics abounds in deep and intractable problems and paradoxes that not only challenge all the major moral theories but also threaten to undermine many important common-sense moral beliefs. It is no exaggeration to say that there is a broad range of practical moral issues that cannot be adequately understood until fundamental problems in population ethics are resolved. These issues include abortion, prenatal injury, preconception and prenatal screening for disability, genetic enhancement and eugenics generally, meat eating, climate change, reparations for historical injustice, the threat of human extinction, and even proportionality in war. Although the essays in this book address foundational problems in population ethics that were discovered and first discussed by Parfit, they are not, for the most part, commentaries on his work but instead build on that work in advancing our understanding of the problems themselves. The contributors include many of the most important and influential writers in this burgeoning area of philosophy.



Ethics And Existence


Ethics And Existence
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Author : Jeff McMahan
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2021-12-23

Ethics And Existence written by Jeff McMahan and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-12-23 with Philosophy categories.


Derek Parfit, who died in 2017, is widely believed to have been the best moral philosopher in well over a century. The twenty new essays in this book were written in his honour and have all been inspired by his work—in particular, his work in an area of moral philosophy known as 'population ethics', which is concerned with moral issues raised by causing people to exist. Until Parfit began writing about these issues in the 1970s, there was almost no discussion of them in the entire history of philosophy. But his monumental book Reasons and Persons (OUP, 1984) revealed that population ethics abounds in deep and intractable problems and paradoxes that not only challenge all the major moral theories but also threaten to undermine many important common-sense moral beliefs. It is no exaggeration to say that there is a broad range of practical moral issues that cannot be adequately understood until fundamental problems in population ethics are resolved. These issues include abortion, prenatal injury, preconception and prenatal screening for disability, genetic enhancement and eugenics generally, meat eating, climate change, reparations for historical injustice, the threat of human extinction, and even proportionality in war. Although the essays in this book address foundational problems in population ethics that were discovered and first discussed by Parfit, they are not, for the most part, commentaries on his work but instead build on that work in advancing our understanding of the problems themselves. The contributors include many of the most important and influential writers in this burgeoning area of philosophy.



Education Ethics And Existence


Education Ethics And Existence
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Author : Peter Roberts
language : en
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date : 2018-02-05

Education Ethics And Existence written by Peter Roberts and has been published by Routledge this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-02-05 with Education categories.


Best known today for his novels, plays and short stories, but also an accomplished essayist, editor and journalist, Albert Camus was one of the most influential literary figures of the 20th century. He has gained widespread recognition for works such as The Stranger, Caligula, The Plague and Exile and the Kingdom. In 1957 Camus was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1960 he was killed in a car accident, aged just 46. Since Camus’ untimely death, his work has been engaged by scholars in literature, politics, philosophy and many other fields. This volume is one of the first book-length studies of Camus with a specifically educational focus. Camus’ writings raise and address ethical and political questions that resonate strongly with current concerns and debates in educational theory, and the difficulties and dilemmas faced by his characters mirror those encountered by many teachers in school classrooms. This book will appeal to all who wish to consider the connections between education, ethics and the problem of human existence. This book was originally published as a special issue of Educational Philosophy & Theory.



Existentialist Ethics


Existentialist Ethics
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Author : Mary Warnock
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1967

Existentialist Ethics written by Mary Warnock and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1967 with Ethics categories.




Harming Future Persons


Harming Future Persons
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Author : Melinda A. Roberts
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-07-31

Harming Future Persons written by Melinda A. Roberts and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-07-31 with Philosophy categories.


Melinda A. Roberts and David T. Wasserman 1 Purpose of this Collection What are our obligations with respect to persons who have not yet, and may not ever, come into existence? Few of us believe that we can wrong those whom we leave out of existence altogether—that is, merely possible persons. We may think as well that the directive to be “fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth” 1 does not hold up to close scrutiny. How can it be wrong to decline to bring ever more people into existence? At the same time, we think we are clearly ob- gated to treat future persons—persons who don’t yet but will exist—in accordance with certain stringent standards. Bringing a person into an existence that is truly awful—not worth having—can be wrong, and so can bringing a person into an existence that is worth having when we had the alternative of bringing that same person into an existence that is substantially better. We may think as well that our obligations with respect to future persons are triggered well before the point at which those persons commence their existence. We think it would be wrong, for example, to choose today to turn the Earth of the future into a miserable place even if the victims of that choice do not yet exist.



The Existence Puzzles


The Existence Puzzles
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Author : M. A. Roberts
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2023-11-15

The Existence Puzzles written by M. A. Roberts and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2023-11-15 with Philosophy categories.


Melinda A. Roberts introduces the newcomer to population ethics and investigates the key issues in a way that will be of interest to professional philosophers, economists, lawyers, and students in all those areas who seek to understand what a cogent, intuitively plausible theory of population will look like. To that end, Roberts presents five perplexing but telling existence puzzles that already are or shall soon become important parts of the population ethics literature: the Asymmetry Puzzle, the Pareto Puzzle, the Addition Puzzle, the Anonymity Puzzle, and the Better Chance Puzzle. Roberts develops solutions to the puzzles that together form a partial theory of population, a collection of principles grounded in intuition but highly sensitive to the formal demands of consistency and cogency.



Crossroads Of Existence


Crossroads Of Existence
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Author : C. Michael Botterweck
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1995

Crossroads Of Existence written by C. Michael Botterweck and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1995 with Ethics categories.




The Moral Life Essays In Honour Of John Cottingham


The Moral Life Essays In Honour Of John Cottingham
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Author : N. Athanassoulis
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2008-05-29

The Moral Life Essays In Honour Of John Cottingham written by N. Athanassoulis and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-05-29 with Philosophy categories.


A collection of essays by leading philosophers on the work of John Cottingham, focussing on his work in moral philosophy, discussing themes from his contributions to the debate on partiality and impartiality, the role of the emotions in the good life and the meaning of the worthwhile life. Including a 'replies' chapter by John Cottingham.



The Ethics Of Joy


The Ethics Of Joy
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Author : Andrew Youpa
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2019-12-10

The Ethics Of Joy written by Andrew Youpa and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-12-10 with Philosophy categories.


Philosopher Andrew Youpa offers a novel reading of Spinoza's moral philosophy. Unlike approaches to moral philosophy that center on praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, Youpa argues that Spinoza's moral philosophy is about how to live lovingly and joyously, not hatefully or sorrowfully. It is, fundamentally, an ethics of joy. Central to this reading is a defense of the view that there is a way of life that is best for human beings, and that what makes it best is its alignment with human nature. This is not, significantly, an ethics of accountability, or what a person does or does not deserve. Morality's role is not to assign credit or blame to individuals in an economy of good and evil; rather, it is to heal the sick and empower the vulnerable. It is an ethics centered on what, with respect to mental and physical well-being, requires our attention. Spinoza's ethics adheres to a medical model of morality, enacting and embodying a system of care to ourselves, care to others, and care to things in the world around us. From this approach, Youpa defends a comprehensive reading of Spinoza's moral philosophy, including its realism, pluralism, and the importance of friendship and education, which are the greatest sources of empowerment and joy. Empowering ourselves and others begins with love: the type of love that Spinoza refers to as the virtue of modestia, or humble devotion to others with their true well-being in mind. Youpa's examination starts with an original interpretaion of Spinoza's theory of emotions, and then turns to the metaphysical foundation of his moral philosophy and its normative and practical implications.



A Decent Life


A Decent Life
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Author : Todd May
language : en
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 2021-05-07

A Decent Life written by Todd May and has been published by University of Chicago Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-05-07 with Philosophy categories.


Can we lead a fundamentally decent life without taking such drastic steps? Todd May has answers. He's not the sort of philosopher who tells us we have to be model citizens who display perfect ethics in every decision we make. He's realistic: he understands that living up to ideals is a constant struggle. May leads readers through the traditional philosophical bases of a number of arguments about what ethics asks of us, then he develops a more reasonable and achievable way of thinking about them, one that shows us how we can use philosophical insights to participate in the complicated world around us.