The Cristero Rebellion


The Cristero Rebellion
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The Cristero Rebellion


The Cristero Rebellion
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Author : Jean A. Meyer
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2008-12-18

The Cristero Rebellion written by Jean A. Meyer and has been published by Cambridge University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-12-18 with History categories.


The Cristero movement is an essential part of the Mexican Revolution. When in 1926 relations between Church and state, old enemies and old partners, eventually broke down, when the churches closed and the liturgy was suspended, Rome, Washington and Mexico, without ever losing their heads, embarked upon a long game of chess. These years were crucial, because they saw the setting up of the contemporary political system. The state established its omnipotence, supported by a bureaucratic apparatus and a strong privileged class. Just at the moment when the state thought that it was finally supreme, at the moment at which it decided to take control of the Church, the Cristero movement arose, a spontaneous mass movement, particularly of peasants, unique in its spread, its duration, and its popular character. For obvious reasons, the existing literature has both denied its reality and slandered it.



Viva Cristo Rey


Viva Cristo Rey
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Author : David C. Bailey
language : en
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Release Date : 2013-04-10

Viva Cristo Rey written by David C. Bailey and has been published by University of Texas Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-04-10 with History categories.


Between 1926 and 1929, thousands of Mexicans fought and died in an attempt to overthrow the government of their country. They were the Cristeros, so called because of their battle cry, ¡Viva Cristo Rey!—Long Live Christ the King! The Cristero rebellion and the church-state conflict remain one of the most controversial subjects in Mexican history, and much of the writing on it is emotional polemic. David C. Bailey, basing his study on the most important published and unpublished sources available, strikes a balance between objective reporting and analysis. This book depicts a national calamity in which sincere people followed their convictions to often tragic ends. The Cristero rebellion climaxed a century of animosity between the Catholic church and the Mexican state, and this background is briefly summarized here. With the coming of the 1910 revolution the hostility intensified. The revolutionists sought to impose severe limitations on the Church, and Catholic anti-revolutionary militancy grew apace. When the government in 1926 decreed strict enforcement of anticlerical legislation, matters reached a crisis. Church authorities suspended public worship throughout Mexico, and Catholics in various parts of the country rose up in arms. There followed almost three years of indecisive guerrilla warfare marked by brutal excesses on both sides. Bailey describes the armed struggle in broad outline but concentrates on the political and diplomatic maneuvering that ultimately decided the issue. A de facto settlement was brought about in 1929, based on the government’s pledge to allow the Church to perform its spiritual offices under its own internal discipline. The pact was arranged mainly through the intercession of U.S. Ambassador Dwight Morrow. His role in the conflict, as well as that of other Americans who decisively influenced the course of events, receives detailed attention in the study. The position of the Vatican during the conflict and its role in the settlement are also examined in detail. With the 1929 settlement the clergy returned to the churches, whereupon the Cristeros lost public support and the rebellion collapsed. The spirit of the settlement soon evaporated, more strife followed, and only after another decade did permanent religious peace come to Mexico.



The Cristero Rebellion


The Cristero Rebellion
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Author : Jean A. Meyer
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2008-12-18

The Cristero Rebellion written by Jean A. Meyer and has been published by Cambridge University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-12-18 with History categories.


The Cristero movement is an essential part of the Mexican Revolution. When in 1926 relations between Church and state, old enemies and old partners, eventually broke down, when the churches closed and the liturgy was suspended, Rome, Washington and Mexico, without ever losing their heads, embarked upon a long game of chess. These years were crucial, because they saw the setting up of the contemporary political system. The state established its omnipotence, supported by a bureaucratic apparatus and a strong privileged class. Just at the moment when the state thought that it was finally supreme, at the moment at which it decided to take control of the Church, the Cristero movement arose, a spontaneous mass movement, particularly of peasants, unique in its spread, its duration, and its popular character. For obvious reasons, the existing literature has both denied its reality and slandered it.



The Cristero War


The Cristero War
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Author : Charles River
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2021-03-05

The Cristero War written by Charles River and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-03-05 with categories.


*Includes pictures*Includes a bibliography for further reading*Includes a table of contents"Men divided over whether Mexico should reject (its) past or build upon it. And no institution bequeathed by Spain was more firmly embedded in the new nation's life than the Catholic Church, which quickly found itself inextricably involved in nearly every contention that separated Mexicans into hostile factions." - David Bailey, The Cristero RebellionThe Cristero War in Mexico is the last great armed movement in a country that for a hundred years suffered revolution after revolution, in an apparently endless cycle. Ignored for decades, the war was long seen simply as an unwanted corollary of the Mexican Revolution, a kind of anomaly in the official narrative. The Mexican Revolution of 1910 produced an admirable social and agrarian reform, but created an authoritarian state. With no counterweights, the victorious revolutionary class fell into excesses and tried to put religious institutions under totalitarian control, and probably to actually suppress religion. In order to do that, the controversial president Plutarco Elías Calles confiscated church property, had monasteries, temples and confessional schools shut down, deported archbishops, had priests killed, nuns arrested, and declared that the next stage of the Revolution would be the revolution of the minds. This persecution produced one of the most little-known episodes in the history of Mexico, one that, for many years, the state tried to slide under the rug: the Cristero War, also known as the Cristiada, which for several years ravaged the central plateau of the country. The Cristiada began in 1927, and officially it ended two years later, though it boiled beneath the surface for ten more years. It was a rebellion of the poorest who were willing to take up arms to defend their spiritual freedom and fight a government that had declared, in practical terms, religion illegal. Unlike the revolutionary armies of a decade earlier, these armies of the poor were never funded by world powers. The temptation to suppress religious freedom was a constant in triumphant revolutionary governments throughout the 20th century. In Russia the Bolsheviks, in China the hosts of Mao, to mention two examples, believed that religion was a factor of social backwardness that prevented the arrival of the light that was economic and social progress. In Mexico, the triumphant generals were ideologically radicalized and by the 1920s, with the closure of temples, the confiscation of church property, and violence against the clergy, the Catholic religion was under attack. The state tried to bring it to its knees, and if possible, annihilate it. This was said, publicly and privately, by many of the men in power during the 1920s. When the Mexican Church decided to suspend worship in protest, the rebellion of the peasants -for whom the sacraments, pilgrimages, and the comfort of their spiritual mentors were an indispensable part of their lives- did not take long. The guerrillas took a name: Cristeros. As if it were an eschatological battle, they said they were fighting and willing to die in the name of Christ the King. Ignored for decades, many historians did not pay attention to the Cristiada and dismissed it as a fanatical and limited movement, a very unfair characterization. Now it is increasingly seen as a genuine popular uprising deserving serious study. The Roman Catholic Church has acknowledged the justice of the struggle too: the Cristero War has produced the largest number of Mexican saints recognized by the Vatican. In the 21st century, increasing secularization has been relegating the Cristiada to history books, but in the deepest Mexico, people remember, and in many places, the wounds remain open.



Cristero War


Cristero War
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Author : Hourly History
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2021-02-08

Cristero War written by Hourly History and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-02-08 with categories.


Discover the remarkable history of the Cristero War...The Cristero War took place in Mexico between 1926 and 1929. It was a war of rebellion by Mexican Catholics against the government, which had enforced restrictions on their faith. It was mainly a guerilla war, in which the Cristeros launched sudden, quick attacks against strategic locations. It began in central Mexico but quickly engulfed the entire country. In the end, the United States and the Catholic hierarchy intervened to help the combatants reach a peace agreement, but not before nearly one hundred thousand Mexicans had lost their lives in a struggle between different visions for Mexico's future. Discover a plethora of topics such as The History of Mexico and the Catholic Church The Mexican Revolution The Beginning of the Cristero War The War Escalates The Feminine Brigades of St. Joan of Arc The United States and the End of the Cristero War And much more! So if you want a concise and informative book on the Cristero War, simply scroll up and click the "Buy now" button for instant access!



The Cristero Rebellion And The Religious Conflict In Mexico 1926 1929


The Cristero Rebellion And The Religious Conflict In Mexico 1926 1929
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Author : David Charles Bailey
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1970

The Cristero Rebellion And The Religious Conflict In Mexico 1926 1929 written by David Charles Bailey and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1970 with Church and state categories.




Popular Piety And Political Identity In Mexico S Cristero Rebellion


Popular Piety And Political Identity In Mexico S Cristero Rebellion
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Author : Matthew Butler
language : en
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2004-06-17

Popular Piety And Political Identity In Mexico S Cristero Rebellion written by Matthew Butler and has been published by Oxford University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2004-06-17 with History categories.


Dr Butler provides a new interpretation of the cristero war (1926-29) which divided Mexico's peasantry into rival camps loyal to the Catholic Church (cristero) or the Revolution (agrarista). This book puts religion at the heart of our understanding of the revolt by showing how peasant allegiances often resulted from genuinely popular cultural and religious antagonisms. It challenges the assumption that Mexican peasants in the 1920s shared religious outlooks and that their behaviour was mainly driven by political and material factors. Focusing on the state of Michoacán in western-central Mexico, the volume seeks to integrate both cultural and structural lines of inquiry. First charting the uneven character of Michoacán's historical formation in the late colonial period and the nineteenth century, Dr Butler shows how the emergence of distinct agrarian regimes and political cultures was later associated with varying popular responses to post-revolutionary state formation in the areas of educational and agrarian reform. At the same time, it is argued that these structural trends were accompanied by increasingly clear divergences in popular religious cultures, including lay attitudes to the clergy, patterns of religious devotion and deviancy, levels of sacramental participation, and commitment to militant 'social' Catholicism. As peasants in different communities developed distinct parish identities, so the institutional conflict between Church and state acquired diverse meanings and provoked violently contradictory popular responses. Thus the fires of revolt burned all the more fiercely because they inflamed a countryside which - then as now - was deeply divided in matters of faith as well as politics. Based on oral testimonies and careful searches of dozens of ecclesiastical and state archives, this study makes an important contribution to the religious history of the Mexican Revolution.



Popular Piety And Political Identity In Mexico S Cristero Rebellion


Popular Piety And Political Identity In Mexico S Cristero Rebellion
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Author : Matthew John Blakemore Butler
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2004

Popular Piety And Political Identity In Mexico S Cristero Rebellion written by Matthew John Blakemore Butler and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2004 with Cristero Rebellion, 1926-1929 categories.


The author provides a new interpretation of the Cristero War (1926-29) which divided Mexico's peasantry into rival camps loyal to the Catholic Church (cristero) or the Revolution (agrarista). This book puts religion at the heart of our understanding of the revolt.



The Cristero Rebellion Of Mexico


The Cristero Rebellion Of Mexico
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Author : John Holmes McDowell
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1974

The Cristero Rebellion Of Mexico written by John Holmes McDowell and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1974 with Mexico categories.




The Holy War In Los Altos


The Holy War In Los Altos
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Author : Jim Tuck
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1982

The Holy War In Los Altos written by Jim Tuck and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1982 with History categories.