The Feeling Of Life Itself


The Feeling Of Life Itself
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The Feeling Of Life Itself


The Feeling Of Life Itself
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Author : Christof Koch
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2019-09-24

The Feeling Of Life Itself written by Christof Koch and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-09-24 with Science categories.


A thought-provoking argument that consciousness—more widespread than previously assumed—is the feeling of being alive, not a type of computation or a clever hack In The Feeling of Life Itself, Christof Koch offers a straightforward definition of consciousness as any subjective experience, from the most mundane to the most exalted—the feeling of being alive. Psychologists study which cognitive operations underpin a given conscious perception. Neuroscientists track the neural correlates of consciousness in the brain, the organ of the mind. But why the brain and not, say, the liver? How can the brain—three pounds of highly excitable matter, a piece of furniture in the universe, subject to the same laws of physics as any other piece—give rise to subjective experience? Koch argues that what is needed to answer these questions is a quantitative theory that starts with experience and proceeds to the brain. In The Feeling of Life Itself, Koch outlines such a theory, based on integrated information. Koch describes how the theory explains many facts about the neurology of consciousness and how it has been used to build a clinically useful consciousness meter. The theory predicts that many, and perhaps all, animals experience the sights and sounds of life; consciousness is much more widespread than conventionally assumed. Contrary to received wisdom, however, Koch argues that programmable computers will not have consciousness. Even a perfect software model of the brain is not conscious. Its simulation is fake consciousness. Consciousness is not a special type of computation—it is not a clever hack. Consciousness is about being.



The Feeling Of Life Itself


The Feeling Of Life Itself
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Author : Christof Koch
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2019-10-01

The Feeling Of Life Itself written by Christof Koch and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-10-01 with Science categories.


A thought-provoking argument that consciousness—more widespread than previously assumed—is the feeling of being alive, not a type of computation or a clever hack In The Feeling of Life Itself, Christof Koch offers a straightforward definition of consciousness as any subjective experience, from the most mundane to the most exalted—the feeling of being alive. Psychologists study which cognitive operations underpin a given conscious perception. Neuroscientists track the neural correlates of consciousness in the brain, the organ of the mind. But why the brain and not, say, the liver? How can the brain—three pounds of highly excitable matter, a piece of furniture in the universe, subject to the same laws of physics as any other piece—give rise to subjective experience? Koch argues that what is needed to answer these questions is a quantitative theory that starts with experience and proceeds to the brain. In The Feeling of Life Itself, Koch outlines such a theory, based on integrated information. Koch describes how the theory explains many facts about the neurology of consciousness and how it has been used to build a clinically useful consciousness meter. The theory predicts that many, and perhaps all, animals experience the sights and sounds of life; consciousness is much more widespread than conventionally assumed. Contrary to received wisdom, however, Koch argues that programmable computers will not have consciousness. Even a perfect software model of the brain is not conscious. Its simulation is fake consciousness. Consciousness is not a special type of computation—it is not a clever hack. Consciousness is about being.



The Feeling Of Life Itself


The Feeling Of Life Itself
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Author : Christof Koch
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2020-09-08

The Feeling Of Life Itself written by Christof Koch and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2020-09-08 with Science categories.


A thought-provoking argument that consciousness—more widespread than previously assumed—is the feeling of being alive, not a type of computation or a clever hack In The Feeling of Life Itself, Christof Koch offers a straightforward definition of consciousness as any subjective experience, from the most mundane to the most exalted—the feeling of being alive. Psychologists study which cognitive operations underpin a given conscious perception. Neuroscientists track the neural correlates of consciousness in the brain, the organ of the mind. But why the brain and not, say, the liver? How can the brain—three pounds of highly excitable matter, a piece of furniture in the universe, subject to the same laws of physics as any other piece—give rise to subjective experience? Koch argues that what is needed to answer these questions is a quantitative theory that starts with experience and proceeds to the brain. In The Feeling of Life Itself, Koch outlines such a theory, based on integrated information. Koch describes how the theory explains many facts about the neurology of consciousness and how it has been used to build a clinically useful consciousness meter. The theory predicts that many, and perhaps all, animals experience the sights and sounds of life; consciousness is much more widespread than conventionally assumed. Contrary to received wisdom, however, Koch argues that programmable computers will not have consciousness. Even a perfect software model of the brain is not conscious. Its simulation is fake consciousness. Consciousness is not a special type of computation—it is not a clever hack. Consciousness is about being.



Life Itself


Life Itself
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Author : Robert Rosen
language : en
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date : 1991

Life Itself written by Robert Rosen and has been published by Columbia University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1991 with Philosophy categories.


Why are living things alive? As a theoretical biologist, Robert Rosen saw this as the most fundamental of all questions-and yet it had never been answered satisfactorily by science. The answers to this question would allow humanity to make an enormous leap forward in our understanding of the principles at work in our world. For centuries, it was believed that the only scientific approach to the question "What is life?" must proceed from the Cartesian metaphor (organism as machine). Classical approaches in science, which also borrow heavily from Newtonian mechanics, are based on a process called "reductionism." The thinking was that we can better learn about an intricate, complicated system (like an organism) if we take it apart, study the components, and then reconstruct the system-thereby gaining an understanding of the whole. However, Rosen argues that reductionism does not work in biology and ignores the complexity of organisms. Life Itself, a landmark work, represents the scientific and intellectual journey that led Rosen to question reductionism and develop new scientific approaches to understanding the nature of life. Ultimately, Rosen proposes an answer to the original question about the causal basis of life in organisms. He asserts that renouncing the mechanistic and reductionistic paradigm does not mean abandoning science. Instead, Rosen offers an alternate paradigm for science that takes into account the relational impacts of organization in natural systems and is based on organized matter rather than on particulate matter alone. Central to Rosen's work is the idea of a "complex system," defined as any system that cannot be fully understood by reducing it to its parts. In this sense, complexity refers to the causal impact of organization on the system as a whole. Since both the atom and the organism can be seen to fit that description, Rosen asserts that complex organization is a general feature not just of the biosphere on Earth-but of the universe itself.



The Quest For Consciousness


The Quest For Consciousness
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Author : Christof Koch
language : en
Publisher: Roberts Publishers
Release Date : 2004

The Quest For Consciousness written by Christof Koch and has been published by Roberts Publishers this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2004 with Brain categories.


Consciousness is the major unsolved problem in biology. Written as an introduction to the field and drawing upon clinical, psychological and physiological observations, this book seeks to answer questions of consciousness within a neuroscientific framework.



Consciousness


Consciousness
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Author : Christof Koch
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 2012-03-09

Consciousness written by Christof Koch and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-03-09 with Science categories.


A fascinating exploration of the human brain that combines “the leading edge of consciousness science with surprisingly personal and philosophical reflection . . . shedding light on how scientists really think”—this is “science writing at its best” (Times Higher Education). In which a scientist searches for an empirical explanation for phenomenal experience, spurred by his instinctual belief that life is meaningful. What links conscious experience of pain, joy, color, and smell to bioelectrical activity in the brain? How can anything physical give rise to nonphysical, subjective, conscious states? Christof Koch has devoted much of his career to bridging the seemingly unbridgeable gap between the physics of the brain and phenomenal experience. This engaging book—part scientific overview, part memoir, part futurist speculation—describes Koch’s search for an empirical explanation for consciousness. Koch recounts not only the birth of the modern science of consciousness but also the subterranean motivation for his quest—his instinctual (if “romantic”) belief that life is meaningful. Koch describes his own groundbreaking work with Francis Crick in the 1990s and 2000s and the gradual emergence of consciousness (once considered a “fringy” subject) as a legitimate topic for scientific investigation. Present at this paradigm shift were Koch and a handful of colleagues, including Ned Block, David Chalmers, Stanislas Dehaene, Giulio Tononi, Wolf Singer, and others. Aiding and abetting it were new techniques to listen in on the activity of individual nerve cells, clinical studies, and brain-imaging technologies that allowed safe and noninvasive study of the human brain in action. Koch gives us stories from the front lines of modern research into the neurobiology of consciousness as well as his own reflections on a variety of topics, including the distinction between attention and awareness, the unconscious, how neurons respond to Homer Simpson, the physics and biology of free will, dogs, Der Ring des Nibelungen, sentient machines, the loss of his belief in a personal God, and sadness. All of them are signposts in the pursuit of his life's work—to uncover the roots of consciousness.



Feeling Knowing


Feeling Knowing
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Author : Antonio Damasio
language : en
Publisher: Vintage
Release Date : 2021-10-26

Feeling Knowing written by Antonio Damasio and has been published by Vintage this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-10-26 with Psychology categories.


From one of the world’s leading neuroscientists: a succinct, illuminating, wholly engaging investigation of how biology, neuroscience, psychology, and artificial intelligence have given us the tools to unlock the mysteries of human consciousness “One thrilling insight after another ... Damasio has succeeded brilliantly in narrowing the gap between body and mind.” —The New York Times Book Review In recent decades, many philosophers and cognitive scientists have declared the problem of consciousness unsolvable, but Antonio Damasio is convinced that recent findings across multiple scientific disciplines have given us a way to understand consciousness and its significance for human life. In the forty-eight brief chapters of Feeling & Knowing, and in writing that remains faithful to our intuitive sense of what feeling and experiencing are about, Damasio helps us understand why being conscious is not the same as sensing, why nervous systems are essential for the development of feelings, and why feeling opens the way to consciousness writ large. He combines the latest discoveries in various sciences with philosophy and discusses his original research, which has transformed our understanding of the brain and human behavior. Here is an indispensable guide to understand­ing how we experience the world within and around us and find our place in the universe.



The Strange Order Of Things


The Strange Order Of Things
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Author : Antonio R. Damasio
language : en
Publisher: Pantheon
Release Date : 2018

The Strange Order Of Things written by Antonio R. Damasio and has been published by Pantheon this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018 with Medical categories.


From one of our preeminent neuroscientists: a landmark reflection that spans the biological and social sciences, offering a new way of understanding the origins of life, feeling, and culture. The Strange Order of Things is a pathbreaking investigation into homeostasis, the condition of that regulates human physiology within the range that makes possible not only the survival but also the flourishing of life. Antonio Damasio makes clear that we descend biologically, psychologically, and even socially from a long lineage that begins with single living cells; that our minds and cultures are linked by an invisible thread to the ways and means of ancient unicellular life and other primitive life-forms; and that inherent in our very chemistry is a powerful force, a striving toward life maintenance that governs life in all its guises, including the development of genes that help regulate and transmit life. In The Strange Order of Things, Damasio gives us a new way of comprehending the world and our place in it. www.antoniodamasio.com



Methods In Neuronal Modeling


Methods In Neuronal Modeling
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Author : Christof Koch
language : en
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date : 1998

Methods In Neuronal Modeling written by Christof Koch and has been published by MIT Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1998 with Nervous system categories.


Kinetic Models of Synaptic Transmission / Alain Destexhe, Zachary F. Mainen, Terrence J. Sejnowski / - Cable Theory for Dendritic Neurons / Wilfrid Rall, Hagai Agmon-Snir / - Compartmental Models of Complex Neurons / Idan Segev, Robert E. Burke / - Multiple Channels and Calcium Dynamics / Walter M. Yamada, Christof Koch, Paul R. Adams / - Modeling Active Dendritic Processes in Pyramidal Neurons / Zachary F. Mainen, Terrence J. Sejnowski / - Calcium Dynamics in Large Neuronal Models / Erik De Schutter, Paul Smolen / - Analysis of Neural Excitability and Oscillations / John Rinzel, Bard Ermentrout / - Design and Fabrication of Analog VLSI Neurons / Rodney Douglas, Misha Mahowald / - Principles of Spike Train Analysis / Fabrizio Gabbiani, Christof Koch / - Modeling Small Networks / Larry Abbott, Eve Marder / - Spatial and Temporal Processing in Central Auditory Networks / Shihab Shamma / - Simulating Large Networks of Neurons / Alexander D. Protopapas, Michael Vanier, James M. Bower / ...



Rethinking Consciousness A Scientific Theory Of Subjective Experience


Rethinking Consciousness A Scientific Theory Of Subjective Experience
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Author : Michael S A Graziano
language : en
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Release Date : 2019-09-17

Rethinking Consciousness A Scientific Theory Of Subjective Experience written by Michael S A Graziano and has been published by W. W. Norton & Company this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-09-17 with Science categories.


“A first-class intellectual adventure.” —Brian Greene, author of Until the End of Time Illuminating his groundbreaking theory of consciousness, known as the attention schema theory, Michael S. A. Graziano traces the evolution of the mind over millions of years, with examples from the natural world, to show how neurons first allowed animals to develop simple forms of attention and then to construct awareness of the external world and of the self. His theory has fascinating implications for the future: it may point the way to engineers for building consciousness artificially, and even someday taking the natural consciousness of a person and uploading it into a machine for a digital afterlife.